The impressive Prague Castle is one of the essential places that you must visit if you come to Prague. Additionally, the wonderful views that can be seen of the castle from the Charles Bridge will enchant you. This architectural monument is located in the Hradcany neighborhood which makes it easy to get to, but what is there to see inside?
Top Things to See at The Prague Castle
Visiting the Prague Castle is one of the top things to do in Prague. You can immerse yourself in a medieval world where you will find everything from charming gardens to buildings that are all a part of Czech history. In the following list, you will find about the most important things you have to see in the largest ancient castle in the world.
9. Lobkowicz Palace
If you come to the castle, do not miss visiting this palace built in the 16th century. The palace was owned by the Lobkowicz family until 1939 before being confiscated by the Nazis and later by the communist regime. It was finally returned to the Lobkowicz family in 2002.
In addition, Lobkowicz Palace had undergone a series of renovations and was opened to the public in 2007. So you will love the decoration as it has an elegant Italian style, walls with beautiful fresco paintings and figures of emperors.
Other things that you will find in the palace are exhibitions of famous paintings, unique collections, classical music concerts, exclusive merchandise sales galleries, and the best award-winning wines from the Lobkowicz Castle Winery.
And finally, you will taste excellent Czech and international food at the palace’s café-restaurant which has a Renaissance terrace with wonderful views.
8. Dalibor Tower
There are two important things you should know about this feared place: The Dalibor tower!.
First, it was a prison that was built in 1496 and was in operation until 1781. Secondly, that its name was due to the first prisoner named Dalibor of Kozojed who was a Czech nobleman and knight.
The particular thing inside this tower is that there is a basement where there is a circular hole with a pulley that was used to throw the prisoners to the bottom to torture them.
To get to this Tower you can do it by walking to the end of the Golden lane.
7. Golden Lane
The Golden Lane has something particular and charming, such as the small picturesque houses where goldsmiths lived and worked as well as the castle’s archers.
Also, another peculiarity is that it is very visited because the important writer Franz Kafka lived there for some time in house number 22, and today it is very photographed. Then, take your selfie in the famous blue house!
There were many theories about the name of the Golden Lane: First of all, it is said that the name is due to the fact that many goldsmiths who carved gold lived there.
Secondly, it is because the alchemists tried to make gold and lastly the name could ironically refer to it being a poor lane.
Currently, in these houses there are galleries, exhibition shops and souvenir shops.
Do you want to stroll through the gardens where royalty walked in Prague?
Of course it is possible, because inside the castle you will find beautiful gardens where the kings used to walk and to which you can walk freely. At the same time, observe diversities of exotic plants, varieties of flowers and fountains in the gardens.
To give you an idea, the different gardens are determined by the royal garden, the terrace of the riding school, the Garden on the Bastion, the South Gardens and the Stag Moat. But you will also observe the st. Wenceslas and Villa Richter vineyards, Greenhouses and orchards.
The first garden you should go through is the Royal Garden because it is the largest. To get into context, the royal garden was created in the 1534s by Ferdinand I of Habsburg. As an example of what you will see in this garden will be the Summer Palace of Queen Anne, the Lion’s Court and the Ball Game Hall, which was used for ball games.
Additionally, another of the gardens that you should visit are the southern gardens, because you will get beautiful views of a part of Prague. In particular, these gardens measure around 500 meters and are comprised of small gardens. For example, the Paradise Garden, Garden on the Rampart and the Hartig Garden.
To complete, during your visit to the gardens you will also find sculptures. For example, the sculpture of Hercules, you will also see greenhouses that have been destined to grow Mediterranean and indoor plants, as well as interesting Gothic and Baroque fortifications.
5. The Changing Of The Castle Guard
Do you want to know where this comes from?. Well, speaking a little about the history of the changing of the guard at Prague Castle, you should know that during the government of President Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in 1918 the first organic military unit designed to protect to the Prague castle.
In this ceremony you will see the representation among fanfare and you will hear the sound of roars of the march of the castle guard in an elegant way. And also wearing their characteristic uniforms in exchanging their positions.
To sum up, during the months of May and October the castle guard participates in the security of the Prague Castle Open Day. Then, visitors have the opportunity to see important spaces that are not normally open to the public.
4. The South Tower Of St Vitus Cathedral
To get to the viewpoint of the south tower of the imposing Saint Vitus Cathedral, which is almost 100 meters high, you will have to climb about 280 stairs. From there you will get panoramic views of the city.
Also, you will observe the cathedral bells. And it is that in this south tower there are 7 bells, one of which is the oldest and largest in the Czech Republic with a weight of 13.5 tons. All bells are manually operated and ring normally on Sundays.
3. The Old Royal Palace
The first thing you should know about this old royal palace is that it was built during the 9th and 10th centuries. Also, important kings lived in this Gothic palace and there is the Chapel of All Saints. Although, you will see its interesting vaulted interior. Also, there were celebrated ceremonies of coronation of kings, assemblies and important meetings.
Secondly, you will find inside the old royal palace the Vladislav hall, where banquets, coronation parties, knights’ tournaments and art markets were held. However, today there are election ceremonies for Czech presidents, as well as important holidays in the Czech Republic.
2. The Saint George Basilica
St. George’s Basilica was founded in around 920 by Prince Wroclaw. For this reason, it is considered the oldest basilica within the castle. Additionally, it has a beautiful baroque façade.
Here are buried the first dynasty Premyslids. And there is also the first Czech monastery.
1. St. Vitus Cathedral
Why visit the Saint Vitus Cathedral?
Because this is the most important cathedral in Prague as well as being inside the Prague castle and it has inside many objects of historical value to see.
This beautiful cathedral also has a Gothic style and consists of three towers. At the same time, it includes the Chapel of Saint Wenceslas and served as an important scene of the coronations of kings.
Here many kings, archbishops, and patron saints were buried. However, inside the cathedral, you will find treasures of Czech coronation jewels, the mausoleum of the Czech kings, religious relics, and sculptures.
At the south entrance of the cathedral is a hall where you will admire the mosaic of the last judgment. And to enter the cathedral, you can do it through the western part of its façade, going through the beautiful bronze doors decorated with reliefs from its history, also with Saint Wenceslas and Adalbert.
Finally, it is better to come in the early hours of the morning to avoid the long lines during high season.
Complete list of places at Prague Castle:
- Cathedral Of St. Vitus, Wenceslas And Adalbert
- St. George Basilica
- Chapel Of The Holy Cross
- Church Of All Saints
- Holy Trinity Chapel
- Former Monastery Of St. George
- Old Royal Palace
- The New Royal Palace
- Lobkowicz Palace
- Queen Anne’s Summer Palace
- Theresian Institution Of Noble Ladies
- The Main Tower – part of the cathedral on its south side
- Powder Tower – Mihulka
- (New) White Tower
- Black Tower
- South Tower (gate)
- Golden Lane
- Powder Bridge
- Old Provost’s
- Chapter Deanery
- Riding Hall
- Lion Court
- Pavilion Of Ball Games – Míčovna
- Zikmund’s Bell
- Deer Moat
- Garden Na Baste
- Royal Garden
- Lumbe’s Gardens
- Garden Na Valech
- Hartig’s Garden
- Paradise Garden
- Palace Gardens Below Prague Castle
- Garden On the terrace Riding stables
- Singing Fountain
- Kohl’s Fountain
- Hercules Fountain
- Eagle’s Fountain
- Bear Fountain
- A Well With A Renaissance Lattice